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Revolutionary War Time Line
Time Line in the Hudson Valley and Surrounding Area
May 10 Eighty-three "Green Mountain Boys," led by Colonels Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold, capture Fort Ticonderoga. The British soldiers, and two officers, Captain William Delaplace and Lieutenant Jocelyn Feltham, were asleep. It was an easy victory for the Continental Army without a single shot fired.
July 13 The Continental Congress addressed the Six Nations of the Iroquois, asking for their cooperation in the struggle against the British.
July 17 Guy Johnson arrived at Oswego and called the Iroquois there for a council, attempting to lure them to the British side in the Colonial conflict.
August With the threat of an attack by HMS Asia imminent, New York residents evacuate the city.
August The New York Provincial Congress alerted the Pennsylvania Committee of Safety to the danger of war and requested they keep their militia ready to come to New York's aid.
August 19 British man-of-war Asia fired on the "Battery" in New York City.
April Washington began to move troops to New York City to defend the city from the British.
May 1 General Benedict Arnold, seeing that the siege of Montreal he was engaged in was futile, began to move his troops down to the Lake Champlain region.
June 27 Thomas Hickey, one of George Washington's guards, was hanged in New York City for plotting to kidnap Washington and turn him over to the British. Hickey was the first person executed by the U. S. Army.
June 29 A British Fleet, containing General Howe and his brother, Vice Admiral Richard Howe, arrived off Staten Island, in New York Bay.
July 2 Twelve colonies, New York abstaining, voted to support Richard Henry Lee's resolution for independence, in Philadelphia, PA
July 3 The British army under general William Howe landed at Staten Island.
July 9 New York Provincial Congress voted to endorse the Declaration of Independence.
July 12 Vice Admiral Howe arrived off Staten Island with 150 transports of reinforcements, raising the total area British forces to 32,000.
August 1 Sir Henry Clinton's forces joined those of General Howe on Staten Island after arriving from Charles Town, SC.
Augsut 22 General Howe moved 20,000 troops from Staten Island to Brooklyn
August 27 To protect New York City and the lower Hudson Valley from the British on Staten Island, General Washington sent troops to defend Brooklyn Heights, on Long Island. The battle that resulted became known as the battle of Long Island. The British under Sir William Howe laid siege.
August 30 Washington, seeing the position in Brooklyn was hopeless, evacuated his army to Manhattan.
September 11 A peace conference was held at the Tottenville home of Loyalist Colonel Thomas Billopp, on Staten Island. General Howe demanded the Declaration be revoked, the American commissioners present, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin and John Rutledge, refused Howe's demand.
September 12 Washington, upon the advice of his Council of War, and with permission from Congress, decided to evacuate New York City.
September 15 13,000 British landed at Kips Bay and occupied lower Manhattan Island.
September 16 British repulsed at the Battle of Harlem Heights when Wasington ordered an attack. Although it was a minor engagement, it showed the American troops that they could win in battle.
September 21 Fire swept New York City.
September 22 Nathan Hale hanged as a spy by the British, in New York City.
October 5 British warships, including Phoenix and Roebuck, forced their way up the Hudson, past the defenses at Fort Lee, New Jersey and Fort Washington, New York.
October 11 After constructing a fleet manned by 820 men, American General Benedict Arnold stopped General Guy Carleton's naval invasion off Valcour Island on Lake Champlain. Half of Arnold's fleet was lost. This battle made clear that no army could invade either the United States or Canada unless its navy controlled Lake Champlain.
October 28 General Howe's army of 8,000 British, and 5,000 Germans, led by General Knyphausen, was challenged by General George Washington's army at the Battle of White Plains. Howe was forced to withdraw his army to New York City. Washington withdrew to North Castle.
November 1 Battle for White Plains concludes with fighting from Miller Hill, forcing the Continental forces to withdraw across the Hudson.
November 1 U. S. troops burned barns in White Plains. Washington ordered their commander court martialed.
November 16 General Howe and 13,000 troops captured 2,818 Americans, under Colonel Robert Magaw at Fort Washington on Manhattan Island.
November 18 Washington abandons New York, and retreats to New Jersey.
November 20 The British capture Fort Lee, New Jersey. The Americans at Fort Lee barely escaped and were forced to leave behind their store of provisions, ammunition, and weapons.
November 26 New York's Committee of Safety met at Fishkill and decided to build a chevaux de frise across the Hudson River from Pollopel's Island to Plum Point to deny British vessels access to the northern portions of the Hudson River.
January 3 The Continental Army, under General Washington, won the battle of Princeton, New Jersey, against 1,200 British.
Jaunary 7 The Committee of Safety ordered that British prisoners of war be put to work on a chain across the Hudson River at Fort Montgomery to halt British ships.
February 28 British General John Burgoyne met with Lord George Germain in London and presented his plan for an expedition on American forces in New York.
March 22-23 A British detachment raided the Continental supply depot at Peekskill, NY. The 3rd New York Regiment repulsed the invaders. However, serious damage was inflicted to the depot.
April 20 A state convention, held in Kingston, formally created the State of New York and approved a State Constitution drafted by John Jay.
April 26 Sixteen-year-old Sybil Ludington rode 40 miles through Putnam County warning militia men of Colonel Ludington's regiment that the British were on their way to Danbury, CT.
June 1 General John Burgoyne began his invasion of New York, from Montreal, to seize the Hudson River Valley, and separate New England from the rest of the colonies.
June 30 Burgoyne beseiges Fort Ticonderoga.
July 5 Colonial forces abandon Fort Ticonderoga.
July 6 Burgoyne leads the British into Ticonderoga, capturing important American supplies.
July 7 Burgoyne captures Skenesborough.
July 23 General Howe sails from New York to capture Philadelphia.
July 27 Indians allied with Burgoyne murder Jane McCrea, the daughter of a Presbyterian minister, and the fiance of David Jones, a Tory and member of Burgoyne's army.
July 29 Colonial General Philip Schuyler abandons Fort Edwards and retreats down the Hudson River Valley.
July 30 George Clinton sworn in as New York's First Governor.
August 1 Burgoyne reaches the Hudson River and takes Fort Edward.
August 3 British Lieutenant Colonel Barry St. Leger besieges Fort Stanwix in the Mohawk Valley.
August 4 Colonial General Nicholas Herkimer gathers the Tryon County militia at Fort Dayton and set out to relieve Fort Stanwix.
August 6 In what later became known as the Battle of Oriskany, Colonial General Herkimer commanding 800 militiamen marching to the relief of Fort Stanwix is ambushed by a group of Indians and Loyalists led by Joseph Brant. Herkimer is badly wounded and later dies from his injuries. The battle action checks the loyalist forces who later abandon the seige of Stanwix.
August 16 A column of Hessians under Col. Friedrich Baum, sent by Gen. Burgyone to raid Bennington Vermont, were ambushed by troops including the Green Mountain Boys, under Gen. John Stark at Hoosick in Rensselaer County. The Hessians, after the defeat, were reinforced by troops under Col. Heinrich von Breymann. They were also defeated by Stark, who had been reinforced by Col. Seth Warner's regiment.
August 22 General Benedict Arnold arrived at Fort Stanwix with reinforcements. St. Leger ended his siege and returned to Canada.
September 10 The first New York State legislature met in Kingston.
September 19 The First Battle of Saratoga, (The First Battle of Freeman's Farm). Continentals, and militia, under General Horatio Gates tried to turn back General John Burgoyne's advance at Freeman's Farm. The British held the field at the end of the day, even after meeting heavy resistance from Gen. Benedict Arnold.
October 6 General Sir Henry Clinton attacked the Hudson Highlands in order to relieve General Burgoyne in northern New York. Clinton, along with British, Loyalist and Hessian troops overran the forts Clinton and Montgomery, under the command of Generals James and George Clinton. Although Sir Henry Clinton was successful in taking the Forts, the battles prevent him from ever meeting Burgoyne.
October 7 At the second battle of Saratoga (Freeman's Farm) General John Burgoyne attacked General Horatio Gates superior force, and was defeated
October 13 British burned Kingston.
October 16 The British, under the command of Sir General Henry Clinton ,burned Esopus and sailed for New York City.
October 17 British General Burgoyne surrenders to American General Horatio Gates at Saratoga.
January The New York State legislature convened in Poughkeepsie at the Van Kleeck House. The Legislature acted to strengthen the powers of the state and to ratify the Articles of Confederation.
January Benedict Arnold is released from an Albany hospital after having been wounded in the leg, at the battle of Saratoga.
January 28 West Point occupied by the Continental Army from Fort Constitution.
February 6 New York State approves the Articles of Confederation.
April 30 American Captain Thomas Machin supervises the placing of "The Great Chain" across the Hudson River from Constitution Island to West Point.
June 1 Mohawk war chief, Joseph Brant, raids and burns Cobleskill.
June 18 General Sir Henry Clinton's forces evacuated Philadelphia and began marching to New York.
June 28 Continental forces, under Gen. Charles Lee (who was charged with "bungling" the battle, and later court martialed) were defeated, at the battle of Monmouth, New Jersey by General Sir Henry Clinton.
July 5 General Sir Henry Clinton's forces embark in barges from New Jersey's Sandy Hook, heading for New York City.
July 8 Washington sets up headquarters at West Point.
July 9 Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia and South Carolina, sign the Articles of Confederation in Philadelphia.
November 11 Captain Walter Butler, Chief Joseph Brant, 500 Iroquois, and 200 Rangers raided the Cherry Valley. Thirty-two civilians, including women and children, were killed. Sixteen soldiers, of the 7th Massachusetts regiment, along with their commander, Colonel Ichabod Allen, also died.
December 10 John Jay, of New York, elected President of the Continental Congress.
May General Benedict Arnold begins communication with the British to turn over West Point.
June 1 British troops under General Sir Henry Clinton capture two uncompleted American forts at Stony Point and Verplanck's Point.
July 15 Continental General Anthony Wayne's light infantry of 1200 men, using only bayonets, captured Stony Point, and 600 British.
February 3 250 Americans, under Lieutenant Colonel Joseph Thompson, lost the Battle at Four Corners, in Westchester County, NY, to 600 British, Germans and Loyalists, under Colonel Norton.
May Rochambeau and his forces depart Brest, France for North America.
July 10 French General Rochambeau & 6,000 French troops arrives at Newport, Rhode Island.
September 21 General Arnolds meets with Major John Andre and hands over plans to West Point.
September 22 General Arnold flees West Point & Major Andre is captured at Tarrytown.
September 29 Major Andre is tried as a spy in Tappan and found guilty.
October 2 Major Andre hanged in Tappan.
August 14 Washington & Rochambeau have final meeting to finalize plans for the Seige of Yorktown after learning the French Fleet is sailing for the Chesapeake
August 21 Washington, Rochambeau and their combined forces begin their march south to Virginia from Westchester County.
September 28 Washington and Rochambeau, along with Lafayette's troops and 3,000 of de Grasse's men, arrived at Yorktown. In all, there were approximately 17,000 men converging on Cornwallis' camp. The city was soon surrounded and under heavy fire.
October 14 The Franco-American forces captured two major British redoubts. After a useless counterattack, Cornwallis offered to surrender on October 17. On October 19, the papers were signed and he officially surrendered. About 7,000 British troops became prisoners to the American forces.
October 17 Cornwallis offered to surrender.
October 19 Papers were signed and Cornwallis officially surrendered. About 7,000 British troops became prisoners to the American forces.
April Returning from victory at Yorktown, Washington makes headquarters at Jonathan Hasbrouck's House in Newburgh. Washington moves his forces to Newburgh and the surrounding area to keep a check on the British in New York City and apply continuing pressure forcing them to the negotiation table.
April 15 Continental Congress ratified the Treaty of Paris.
May 5 Washington receives the British Commander, Sir Guy Carleton, at the DeWint House in Rockland County to discuss the terms of the peace treaty.
May 7 Sir Guy Carleton receives Washington aboard his vessel Perserverance at Tappan on the Hudson River. On this day, the King’s Navy fired its first salute to the flag of the United States of America.
September 3 The Treaty of Paris, formally ending the war and officially recognizing American independeice, is signed.
November 25 British evacuate New York City.
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